Book of John 13:27-38: 

Book of John 13:27-38

Book of John 13:27-38:  March 19, 2022: The Upper Room Discourse

Jesus is Alone with His own. He was facing His sacrificial death, yet His concern was for His disciples!

We left off, Jesus just told the disciples one of you is going to betray me.

The disciples began to be very sad and asked him, one after the other, all the disciples ask this “Surely I am not the one, am I?”

John then whispers or in low tone, asked in Jesus ear on who is going to betray him

Jesus answered, “He is the one to whom I will give this piece of bread after I have dipped it in the dish.” Then he took a piece of bread, dipped it, and gave it to Judas, 

John 13:27 After he had taken the piece of bread, Satan entered him. Then Jesus told him, “Do quickly what you are going to do!”

  • Who is really controlling the timing when this is going to happen?
  • This was not Pharisee and Judas plan to turn Jesus over to them!
  • Not on a primary Jewish holiday, for fear of the Romans.
  • The “unpardonable sin” from the Romans’ point of view is an uprising of any kind:
  • keeping the order was their assignment and they took it seriously.

Was Satan in the room with the disciples.

It is probable that the rest of the disciples considered it as given to Judas that he might hurry to do some work on which he wished to employ him, and not wait to finish his supper in a regular manner.

They did not hear the question that John asked, nor our Lord’s answer; but they no doubt heard the words,

That you do quickly – and might understand them as above.

Satan entered into him. He gave himself up at once to Satan’s purpose.

That do it quickly. Judas understood what these words meant, but no one else.

John 13:28 But no one at the meal understood why Jesus said this to him.

The whole company of disciples did not understand this. Christ had addressed His statement about the bread to John and consequently, he was the only one who understood its implications, that Judas should betray Jesus.

This verse shows that Jesus had signified to John only who it was that should betray him

John saw him dip a piece of bread into the sop of bitter herbs, always on the Passover table, and give it to Judas, and Judas understood what these words meant.

Psalms 41:9 Even my close friend, someone I trusted, one who shared my bread, has turned against me.

John 13:29 Since Judas had charge of the money, some thought Jesus was telling him to buy what was needed for the festival, or to give something to the poor.

John 13:30 So Judas took the piece of bread, immediately went outside, and it was night.

Not only did Judas go out into the darkness of the night, he had also entered into spiritual darkness, separated from Jesus, the Light of the World

Judas was indeed in spiritual darkness 

A New Commandment

John 13:31 After Judas had gone out, Jesus said, “The Son of Man is now glorified, and God has been glorified by him.

This is different, Jesus said when Judas left and gone out by his own will,

Jesus is now glorified because his human side.  Son of Man. 

The last deed is done that was necessary to secure the death of the Son of man, the glory that shall result to him from that death,

Son of man glorified — These remarkable words plainly imply that up to this moment Jesus had spoken under a painful restraint,

The presence of a traitor within the disciples preventing the free and full outpouring of His heart;

Jesus now starts heartful comments, a greater freedom of conversation to the disciples.

Jesus would be revealed as the divine Son of God and Savior of the world by His death and resurrection, and the gift of the Holy Spirit.

The Father would be glorified in Him in that God’s love, truth, and righteousness would be revealed in what Jesus was doing.

John 13:32 If God has been glorified by him, God himself also will glorify the Son of Man, and he will do so quickly.

God will do very quickly, he will not leave him in the grave, nor suffer him to see corruption; he will raise him again the third day, and give him glory.

This begins the “Upper Room Instruction”

John 13:33 Little children, I am with you only a little longer. You will look for me, but what I told the Jews I now tell you, ‘Where I am going, you cannot come.’

The time had come for Jesus to announce His departure to His disciples. 

Little children is an expression of tender affection used nowhere else in the Gospels.

John did not forget the expression; he used it repeatedly in 1 John.

9 verses in 1 John

1 John 3:7 Little children, don’t let anyone deceive you. The person who practices righteousness is righteous, just as the Messiah is righteous.

John 13:34 “A new command I give you: Love one another. As I have loved you, so you must love one another.

The command to love was new because Jesus gave it a new standard.

Moses said, “Love your neighbor as yourself”

Leviticus 19:18 “‘Do not seek revenge or bear a grudge against anyone among your people, but love your neighbor as yourself. I am the LORD.

Jesus said the new standard was as I have loved you. Jesus gave His disciples the example of love that they were to follow

How is this different, Leviticus says “as yourself”. 

We suppose that Jesus’s way of loving can be ours. Humanly, this is impossible. But Jesus gives us a new nature, a new spirit, God’s Holy Spirit, in us.  This is how we can love as God loves; God makes it possible.

John 13:35 This is how everyone will know that you are my disciples, if you have love for one another.”

Unbelievers recognize Jesus’ disciples not by their doctrinal distinctives, nor by dramatic miracles, nor even by their love for the lost.

They recognize His disciples by their deeds of love for one another.

The love and self-sacrifice of Christians has done more to extend the name of Christ than argument

1 Thessalonians 1:3 In the presence of our God and Father, we constantly remember how your faith is active, your love is hard at work, and your hope in our Lord Jesus the Messiah is enduring.

Jesus Foretells Peter’s Denial 

Matthew 26:31-32 Then Jesus told them, “This very night you will all fall away on account of me, for it is written: “‘I will strike the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock will be scattered.’  (32)  But after I have risen, I will go ahead of you into Galilee.”

Zechariah 13:7 “Awake, sword, against my shepherd, against the man who is close to me!” declares the LORD Almighty. “Strike the shepherd, and the sheep will be scattered, and I will turn my hand against the little ones. 

Matthew 26:33 Peter replied, “Even if all fall away on account of you, I never will.” 

Matthew 26:34-35 “Truly I tell you,” Jesus answered, “this very night, before the rooster crows, you will disown me three times.”  (35)  But Peter declared, “Even if I have to die with you, I will never disown you.” And all the other disciples said the same. 

John 13:36 Simon Peter asked him, “Lord, where are you going?” Jesus answered him, “I am going where you cannot follow me now, though you will follow me later on.”

This question, which Jesus had already addressed twice before, indicates that Peter completely missed the point of what Jesus had said. {have love for one another}

It leads to the next question of which we are all will ask — Why

John 13:37 “Lord, why can’t I follow you now?” Peter asked him. “I would lay down my life for you!”

John 13:38 Jesus answered him, “Would you lay down your life for me? Truly, I tell you with certainty, a rooster will not crow until you have denied me three times.”

At these words of Jesus, Peter was stunned and said nothing.

But Luke helps us to know that Christ had prepared him for this shocking news.

Luke 22:31-32 “Simon, Simon, listen! Satan has asked permission to sift all of you like wheat,  (32)  but I have prayed for you that your own faith may not fail. When you have come back, you must strengthen your brothers.”

Jesus tells Peter will recover.

Notice, Peter was ready to die for Jesus. Unfortunately, he was not ready, at this point, to live for Him.

  • He was ready to attack the soldiers with his sword,
  • But he was not willing to wash the feet of his brothers as Jesus had just done.
  • Peter had things backwards. He was a man of action, wrong sometimes, but a strong, fisherman strong, man.

Luke 22:35-36 Then Jesus asked them, “When I sent you without purse, bag or sandals, did you lack anything?” “Nothing,” they answered.  (36)  He said to them, “But now if you have a purse, take it, and also a bag; and if you don’t have a sword, sell your cloak and buy one.

Luke 22:37 It is written: ‘And he was numbered with the transgressors; and I tell you that this must be fulfilled in me. Yes, what is written about me is reaching its fulfillment.”

Isaiah 53:12 Therefore I will give him a portion among the great, and he will divide the spoils with the strong, because he poured out his life unto death, and was numbered with the transgressors. For he bore the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.

Luke 22:38 The disciples said, “See, Lord, here are two swords.” “That’s enough!” he replied.

This finished the upper room personal message to the disciples 

Luke 22:39 Jesus went out as usual to the Mount of Olives, and his disciples followed him.

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