Jesus 6 Trials

Jesus 6 Trials

The Death and Resurrection of Jesus is the most important event in the history of the universe.  This is the Bible main theme of the entire Bible. 2/5 of Matthew’s Gospel is concerned with the final week in Jerusalem. 3/5 of Mark, 1/3 of Luke and nearly ½ of John.

I would like for us to review what happen during the time Jesus was arrested and to His ascension to Heaven.

***I have added a map of Jerusalem, the numbers before the verses relates to the map I added.  You can compare what happens to Jesus from His beatings and how far they made Him walk on the map from the Scriptures with very little sleep.

I have a question before we start. No right or wrong answer.  What is the longest you stayed awake.  Overnight, almost 2 days.

How long was Jesus awake before the Passover Service.

Tuesday, Day and Evening Time

{17} Luke 22:7-8 Then came the day of Unleavened Bread on which the Passover lamb had to be sacrificed.  (8)  Jesus sent Peter and John, saying, “Go and make preparations for us to eat the Passover.”

{ 1}Now, Jesus is on the Mount of Olives with the disciples, Jesus prays and disciples sleep.

Luke 22:46 “Why are you sleeping?” he asked them. “Get up and pray so that you will not fall into temptation.”

Tuesday, Night Time – Nisan 14, After the Passover Service

{1} Jesus is arrested in the Garden of Gethsemane, after Passover Service.

{2} Judas was leading a detachment of soldiers, and some officials, sent from the Chief Priests, Pharisees, teachers of the law, and elders of the people.
Carrying torches and lanterns, a large crowd armed with swords and

Mark 14:44-46 Now he who was betraying Him had given them a signal, saying, “Whomever I kiss, He is the one; seize Him and lead Him away under guard.”  (45)  After coming, Judas immediately went to Him, saying, “Rabbi!” and kissed Him.  (46)  They laid hands on Him and seized Him.

  • Jesus said to those who had come for him, “Am I leading a rebellion, that you have come out with swords and clubs to capture
    me?    Saving, “Betrayed by a kiss” is used in our society
  • Every day I was with you; I sat in the temple courts teaching,
    and you did not lay a hand on me to arrest me.
  • But this has all taken
    place that the writings of the prophets might be fulfilled.
  • Then all the disciples deserted him and fled.

{3} Jesus 1st trial, taken to Annas, his home. 

Then the soldiers with its commander and the Jewish officials bound Jesus and led him away.    This was illegal to bound Jesus.

They brought him first to Annas {so the priests can gather at Caiaphas home} was considered to be the real high priest by the Jews. 

John 18:12-14 Then the detachment of troops and the captain and the officers of the Jews arrested Jesus and bound Him (13)  And they led Him away to Annas first, for he was the father-in-law of Caiaphas who was high priest that year.  (14)  Now it was Caiaphas who advised the Jews that it was expedient that one man should die for the people.

{4} Peter denies Jesus first time

John 18:15 Simon Peter and another disciple were following Jesus. Since the other disciple was known to the high priest, he accompanied Jesus into the courtyard of the high priest.

John 18:17 The young woman at the gate asked Peter, “You aren’t one of this man’s disciples, too, are you?” “I am not,” he replied.   {1st denial}

The High Priest, Annas Questions Jesus 

John 18:22 When he said this, one of the officers standing nearby slapped Jesus on the face and demanded, “Is that any way to answer the high priest?”      {Illegal to slap a prisoner} 

Jews Illegal trial 

  • The binding of a prisoner before he was condemned was unlawful unless resistance was offered or expected. Jesus offered none.
  • It was illegal for Judges to participate in the arrest of the accused
  • No legal transactions, including a trial, could be conducted at night.
  • While an acquittal could be pronounced the same day, any other verdict  had to come on the next day

{5} Jesus 2nd trial, taken to Caiaphas home, Jewish leader appointed by Rome.

John 18:24 Then Annas sent him {Jesus}, with his hands tied, to Caiaphas the high priest. 

  • At Caiaphas home during the night time, the chief priests and the whole Sanhedrin were looking for false evidence against Jesus so that they could put him to death, but they did not find any.
  • Though many false witnesses came forward and testified falsely against him, their statements did not agree.

Matthew 26:62-63 At this, the high priest stood up and asked Jesus, “Don’t you have any answer to what these men are testifying against you?”  (63)  But Jesus was silent. Then the high priest told him, “I command you by the living God to tell us if you are the Messiah, the Son of God!”

  • The high priest tore his Priestly garment; he was never permitted to tear his official robe;
  • If he did not have on his priestly robe, he could not have put Jesus under oath.
  • No prisoner could be convicted on his own evidence
  • The trial under Caiaphas took place in his home rather than the council chamber where it should have been held.

Matthew 26:64-65 Jesus told him, “You have said so. Nevertheless I tell you, from now on you will see ‘the Son of Man seated at the right hand of Power and ‘coming on the clouds of heaven.'”  (65)  Then the high priest tore his robes and said, “He has blasphemed! Why do we still need witnesses? Listen! You yourselves have just heard the blasphemy!

  • The hatred they have for Jesus shows up now, even more now, saying Jesus is worthy of death.
  • The physical abuse really starts now.

Matthew 26:67-68 Then they spit in his face and hit him. Some slapped him, (68) saying, “Prophesy to us, you Messiah! Who hit you?”

Mark 14:65 Some of them began to spit on him. They blindfolded him and kept hitting him with their fists and telling him, “Prophesy!” Even the servants took him and slapped him around. 

{6} Peter denies Jesus 2nd and 3rd times.  {believe this is right place?} 

Matthew 26:74-75 Then he began to call down curses, and he swore to them, “I don’t know the man!” Immediately a rooster crowed.  (75)  Then Peter remembered the word Jesus had spoken: “Before the rooster crows, you will disown me three times.” And he went outside and wept bitterly.   {Remember, Peter was a fisherman, strong body and language}

{7}  Jesus 3rd Trial before the Sanhedrin, probably at the Temple council chamber, suppose to be held there for conviction.

Mark 15:1 As soon as it was morning, the high priests convened a meeting with the elders and scribes and the whole Council. They bound Jesus with chains, led him away, and handed him over to Pilate.

Matthew 27:1-2 When morning came, all the high priests and elders of the people conspired against Jesus to put him to death (2)  They bound him with chains, led him away, and handed him over to Pontius Pilate, the governor.

Judas Hangs Himself

{7}  Matthew 27:1-10 Summary: When Judas, who had betrayed him, saw that Jesus was condemned,
he was seized with remorse and returned the thirty silver coins to the
chief priests and the elders in the sanctuary.I have sinned,” he said, “for I have betrayed innocent blood.” Then he went away and hanged himself. 

{9} Acts 1:18-19 (Now this man bought a field with the money he got for his crime. Falling on his face, he burst open in the middle, and all his intestines gushed out.  (19)  This became known to all the residents of Jerusalem, so that this field is called in their language Akeldama, that is, “The Field of Blood”.)

{16} Jesus 4th Trial before the Roman governor, Pontius Pilate at the Hasmonean Palace (most authority said)

Meanwhile, by now it was early morning {around 6 am?}, and to avoid ceremonial uncleanness the Jews did not enter the palace, Roman governor’s official residence; they wanted to be able to eat the Passover.

During Passover, if a Jew entered a house that contained leaven, he or she would be ceremonially defiled and unable to celebrate the feast. Thus Jews would not enter the residence of any Gentile for fear of being ceremonially defiled.

So Pilate came out to them and asked, “What charges are you bringing against this man?”

Jewish leadership claim this is what Jesus has done.

Luke 23:2 They began to accuse him, “We found this man corrupting our nation, forbidding us to pay taxes to Caesar, and saying that he is the Messiah, a king.

Luke 23:4 So Pilate said to the chief priests and the crowd, “I find no fault in this Man.”

John 18:31-32 Pilate said, Take him yourselves and judge him by your own law.” “But we have no right to execute anyone,” they objected.  (32)  This took place to fulfill what Jesus had said about the kind of death he was going to die.

{8}  Jesus 5th Trial before Herod Antipas, Ruler over Galilee

Luke 23:6-7 When Pilate heard of Galilee, he asked if the Man were a Galilean.  (7)  And as soon as he knew that He belonged to Herod’s jurisdiction, he sent Him to Herod, who was also in Jerusalem at that time.

Luke 23:10-11 The chief priests and the teachers of the law were standing there, vehemently accusing him.  (11)  Then Herod and his soldiers ridiculed and mocked him. Dressing him in an elegant robe, they sent him back to Pilate.

When Herod saw Jesus, he was greatly pleased, because for a long
time he had been wanting to see him. From what he had heard about him, he hoped to see him perform some miracle.

{16, 11}  Jesus 6th Trial before the Roman governor, Pontius Pilate

Pilate slowing and reluctantly and fear surrenders to the demands of the Jewish Leadership for Jesus to be crucified.  Judge at the Bema Seat.

Bema is the Greek word that is typically translated as “judgment seat” in English. It refers to the raised platform from where a ruler would give his judgment in court cases.   (2 Cor 5:10) 

{16}  John 19:15 But they shouted, “Take him away! Take him away! Crucify him!” “Shall I crucify your king?” Pilate asked. “We have no king but Caesar,” the chief priests answered.  {this is a bad saying}

This happen around noon.

John 19:14 It was the day of Preparation of the Passover; it was about noon. “Here is your king,” Pilate said to the Jews.

John 19:16 Then Pilate handed him over to be crucified, and they took Jesus away.

{11}  Mark 15:16 The soldiers led Jesus into the courtyard of the palace (that is, the governor’s headquarters) and called out the whole guard.

Mark 15:19-20 They kept hitting him on the head with a stick, spitting on him, kneeling in front of him, and worshiping him.  (20)  When they had finished making fun of him, they stripped him of the purple robe, put his own clothes back on him, and led him away to crucify him.

{12}  Luke 23:27 A large crowd of people followed him, including some women who kept mourning and wailing for him.

Luke 23:33 When they reached the place called The Skull, they crucified him there with the criminals, one on his right and one on his left.

{13}  John 19:25 Meanwhile, standing near Jesus’ cross were his mother, his mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene. 

John 19:26-27 When Jesus saw his mother {around age of 50?} and the disciple whom he kept loving standing there, he told his mother, “Dear lady, here is your son.  (27)  Then he told the disciple, “Here is your mother.” And from that hour the disciple took her into his own home.

Matthew 27:56 Among them were Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James and Joseph, and the mother of Zebedee’s sons.

The parallel passage names Salome, the mother of James and John, as one of the four women; hence, it is generally supposed that Salome was the sister of Mary and the aunt of Jesus.

Salome was the wife of Zebedee, the mother of the disciples James and John, and a female follower of Jesus.

This Salome was the one who came to Jesus with the request that her sons sit in places of honor in the kingdom (Matthew 20:20–21).

Jesus was cousins to James and John, when we realize this, this answer many questions about the family relationship.

Luke 23:45-46 because the sun had stopped shining. And the curtain in the sanctuary was torn in two.  (46)  Then Jesus cried out with a loud voice and said, Father, into your hands I entrust my spirit.” After he said this, he breathed his last.

John 19:30 After Jesus had taken the wine, he said, It is finished.” Then he bowed his head and released his spirit.

John 19:34 But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately blood and water came out. 

{14}  John 19:38-39 After these things Joseph of Arimathea, being a disciple of Jesus, but a secret one for fear of the Jews, asked Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus; and Pilate granted permission. So he came and took away His body.  (39)  Nicodemus, who had first come to Him by night, also came, bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about a hundred pounds weight.

John 19:40-41 They took the body of Jesus and wrapped it in linen cloths along with spices, according to the burial custom of the Jews.  (41)  A garden was located in the place where he was crucified, and in that garden was a new tomb in which no one had yet been placed.

Ascension of Jesus to the right side of Our Father in Heaven

{15} Acts 1:9 After he said this, he was taken up before their very eyes, and a cloud hid him from their sight.

Luke 24:50-51 Later, he led them out as far as Bethany, lifted up his hands, and blessed them.  (51)  While he was blessing them, he left them and was taken up to heaven.

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